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Effectively using CO2-containing natural gas is an urgent requirement in Vietnam. Therefore, producing hydrogen and syngas by dry reforming of methane (СН4+СО2 = 2Н2+2СО) has gained renewed interest in recent years. In this paper, Ni/α- Al2O3 and Ni-Mg/α-Al2O3 catalysts were prepared by impregnation. Physico-chemical characteristics of catalysts were investigated via nitrogen physisorption (BET), X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), and Temperature Programmed Reduction (TPR) methods. The activities of catalysts in CO2 reforming of CH4 were studied in a micro-flow reactor in the temperature range 550 –800oC, and content of CH4 and CO2 of 3 % mol. It was found that the conversion of CH4 and CO2 remarkably increased with the increase of reaction temperature from 550 to 700oC, but increased inconsiderably when the temperature reached more than 700oC. The selectivities of CO and H2 reached over 91 %. The modification of Ni/α- Al2O3 catalyst with Mg led to reduce the NiO particle size forme the new ZnO-MgO solid solution and increase the reductivity of catalyst. These improve the activity, selectivity and stability of catalyst. At the reaction temperature of 700oC, the conversions of CH4 and CO2 on Ni-Mg/α-Al2O3 reached 88.5 % and 72.3 %, respectively. The activities of catalysts were stable for 30 hours of reaction. Moreover, the role of Mg in the resistance to the coke formation on the catalyst surface was clarified via the results of temperature programmed oxidation (TPO) of spent catalysts after running the reaction for 30 hours at 700oC

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Issue: Vol 1 No T5 (2017)
Page No.: 85-94
Published: Nov 28, 2018
Section: Original Research

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Copyright: The Authors. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 4.0., which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 How to Cite
Luu, L., Nguyen, T., Hoang, C., Nguyen, T., Phan, M., Nguyen, T., Ha, A., & Phan, P. (2018). Effects of the Mg addition on characteristics and catalytic activity of Ni/-Al2O3 in dry reforming of methane. Science and Technology Development Journal - Natural Sciences, 1(T5), 85-94.

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