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High voltage cathode LiCoPO4 has been taken great interest for high power Li-ion batteries (LIBs). Though Co enhance the cyclability, capacity of materials, Co concentration should be reduced in electrode materials due to its high cost and toxic. In this work, the solvo-thermal reaction following by pyrolysis in inert Ar was investigated to synthesize the electrode materials LiFexCo1-xPO4 (0.1 <= x <= 0.5) for LIBs. The structure of the materials after calcinated at 600 oC, 700 oC and 800 oC was analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The results indicated that the olivine structure was obtained for all Fe contents, except for x = 0.5. At the content of 0.1 and 0.5, the intensity of impurity peaks in the samples increased with the pyrolysis temperature. Meanwhile, other samples did not display the obvious change of olivine structure. Electrochemical properties of the materials were evaluated via cyclic voltammetry (CV) and Galvanostatic charging-discharging. CV curves of the samples with Fe content of 0.2x0.4 all displayed high intensity and reversible redox peak of Co3+/Co2+ locating at 4.8 V and another peak of Fe3+/Fe2+ locating at 3.5 V. As the Fe content increased, the former peaks decreased while the latter increased due to the change of active species concentrations. Unfortunately, the specific capacities obtained for Fe-substituted materials were lower than the pristine material (70 mAh/g versus 120 mAh/g) and gradually declined during cycling. The results could be due to the electrolyte decomposition in the first charging. However, the sample with x = 0.1 exhibited the best performance with discharge capacity of 70 mAh/g and 73% capacity retention obtained after 25 cycles, which was better than the sample with x = 0.2 and unsubstituted sample.

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Issue: Vol 4 No 4 (2020): Under Publishing
Page No.: Online First
Published: Nov 13, 2020
Section: Original Research

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Copyright: The Authors. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 4.0., which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 How to Cite
Tran, Q., Nguyen, H., Trần, M., & Lê, P. (2020). Effect of the pyrolysis temperature after hydrothermal reaction on the structure of electrode material LiFexCo1􀀀xPO4 (0.1 x 0.5) and electrochemical evaluation of this material in Li-ion half-cell. Science and Technology Development Journal - Natural Sciences, 4(4), Online First.

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