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Infection with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is the strongest known risk factor for gastric cancer. The molecular mechanisms of H. pylori-associated gastric carcinogenesis remain not elucidated. Recent findings indicate that H. pylori infection may promote gastric carcinogenesis by inducing inflammation and genetic instability in gastric epithelial cells. In addition, it is shown that the impact of H. pylori on infected cells is associated with bacterial virulence that is diverse among geographical regions as well as populations. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the effect of H. pylori strain DN18 from Vietnamese subject on the in vitro activity of NF-κB transcription factor, a key regulator of inflammation, and expression of its target genes in this study. Moreover, host genomic instabilities were studied through examining the formation of DNA double-strand break (DSB) by using phosphorylated histone H2AX (γH2AX) as a DSB marker. Our results showed that H. pylori strain DN18 induced activation of NF-kB pathway and increased transcriptional expression of inflammatory mediators in human gastric mucosal cell AGS. We also provided evidence that the H. pylori infection triggered accumulation of  DSBs marker γH2AX. In summary, our study showed the potential ability to cause inflammation and DNA damage to infected cells of H. pylori strains isolated from Vietnamese patients.

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Issue: Vol 4 No 2 (2020)
Page No.: 547-555
Published: Jun 15, 2020
Section: Original Research

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Copyright: The Authors. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 4.0., which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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Pham, D., Trang, H., & Nguyen, V. (2020). Effect of Vietnamese Helicobacter pylori strain DN18 on the NF-κB pathway and H2AX activation of the AGS cell line. Science and Technology Development Journal - Natural Sciences, 4(2), 547-555.

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