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Abstract

This paper presented the synthesis of Ag nanoparticles (Ag NPs) by the chemical reduction method which is simple and environmentally friendly. Silver nitrate, hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose (HPMC), and glucose were used as silver precursors, protective agents, and reducing agents, respectively. The effects of AgNO3 concentration, glucose concentration, HPMC content, reaction time, and reaction temperature on the formation of Ag NPs were investigated. The properties of Ag NPs were analyzed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The results indicated that when the HPMC content was 0.01%, AgNO3 concentration was 0.05 M and glucose reducing agent concentration was 0.4%, the best reaction occurred in 9 hours at 90oC. The Ag NPs prepared under HPMC protection possessed a face-centered cubic crystal structure (FCC), a spherical shape having average sizes in the range of 8 ‒ 12 nm. The Ag colloidal solution had a suitable zeta potential (-37.21 mV) to maintain the stability and to avoid the agglomeration of Ag NPs. In addition,the paper proposed a method to indirectly determine the Ag NPs content through the separation of Ag NPs from the colloidal solution by coagulation, using the electrolyte Al(NO3)3.9H2O.



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Article Details

Issue: Vol 6 No 3 (2022): Vol 6, Issue 3: Under publishing
Page No.: In press
Published: Sep 1, 2022
Section: Original Research
DOI: https://doi.org/10.32508/stdjns.v6i3.1164

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Copyright: The Authors. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 4.0., which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 How to Cite
Nguyễn, H., Lê, N. H., Nguyễn, B. T., Nguyễn, K. L., Nguyễn, N. U., & Vu, A. (2022). Green synthesis of well-dissolved high-stable silver nanoparticles using hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose as a protective agent. VNUHCM Journal of Natural Sciences, 6(3), In press. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.32508/stdjns.v6i3.1164

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